SpringBoot源码解析(三):SpringBoot内嵌Tomcat

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2022-04-26 / 0 评论 / 50 阅读 / 正在检测是否收录...

springboot源码解析(三):springboot内嵌tomcat

​ 在使用springboot搭建一个web应用程序的时候,我们发现不需要自己搭建一个tomcat服务器,只需要引入spring-boot-starter-web,在应用启动时会自动启动嵌入式的tomcat作为服务器,下面来分析下源码的分析流程:
tomcat

​ 之前我们已经讲过了自动装配的原理,其实tomcat的实现机制也是从自动装配开始的。

1、ServletWebServerFactoryAutoConfiguration类

@Configuration(proxyBeanMethods = false)
@AutoConfigureOrder(Ordered.HIGHEST_PRECEDENCE)
@ConditionalOnClass(ServletRequest.class)
@ConditionalOnWebApplication(type = Type.SERVLET)
@EnableConfigurationProperties(ServerProperties.class)
@Import({ ServletWebServerFactoryAutoConfiguration.BeanPostProcessorsRegistrar.class,
        ServletWebServerFactoryConfiguration.EmbeddedTomcat.class,
        ServletWebServerFactoryConfiguration.EmbeddedJetty.class,
        ServletWebServerFactoryConfiguration.EmbeddedUndertow.class })
public class ServletWebServerFactoryAutoConfiguration {

    @Bean
    public ServletWebServerFactoryCustomizer servletWebServerFactoryCustomizer(ServerProperties serverProperties) {
        return new ServletWebServerFactoryCustomizer(serverProperties);
    }

    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnClass(name = "org.apache.catalina.startup.Tomcat")
    public TomcatServletWebServerFactoryCustomizer tomcatServletWebServerFactoryCustomizer(
            ServerProperties serverProperties) {
        return new TomcatServletWebServerFactoryCustomizer(serverProperties);
    }

    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnMissingFilterBean(ForwardedHeaderFilter.class)
    @ConditionalOnProperty(value = "server.forward-headers-strategy", havingValue = "framework")
    public FilterRegistrationBean<ForwardedHeaderFilter> forwardedHeaderFilter() {
        ForwardedHeaderFilter filter = new ForwardedHeaderFilter();
        FilterRegistrationBean<ForwardedHeaderFilter> registration = new FilterRegistrationBean<>(filter);
        registration.setDispatcherTypes(DispatcherType.REQUEST, DispatcherType.ASYNC, DispatcherType.ERROR);
        registration.setOrder(Ordered.HIGHEST_PRECEDENCE);
        return registration;
    }

    /**
     * Registers a {@link WebServerFactoryCustomizerBeanPostProcessor}. Registered via
     * {@link ImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar} for early registration.
     */
    public static class BeanPostProcessorsRegistrar implements ImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar, BeanFactoryAware {

        private ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory;

        @Override
        public void setBeanFactory(BeanFactory beanFactory) throws BeansException {
            if (beanFactory instanceof ConfigurableListableBeanFactory) {
                this.beanFactory = (ConfigurableListableBeanFactory) beanFactory;
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void registerBeanDefinitions(AnnotationMetadata importingClassMetadata,
                BeanDefinitionRegistry registry) {
            if (this.beanFactory == null) {
                return;
            }
            registerSyntheticBeanIfMissing(registry, "webServerFactoryCustomizerBeanPostProcessor",
                    WebServerFactoryCustomizerBeanPostProcessor.class);
            registerSyntheticBeanIfMissing(registry, "errorPageRegistrarBeanPostProcessor",
                    ErrorPageRegistrarBeanPostProcessor.class);
        }

        private void registerSyntheticBeanIfMissing(BeanDefinitionRegistry registry, String name, Class<?> beanClass) {
            if (ObjectUtils.isEmpty(this.beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(beanClass, true, false))) {
                RootBeanDefinition beanDefinition = new RootBeanDefinition(beanClass);
                beanDefinition.setSynthetic(true);
                registry.registerBeanDefinition(name, beanDefinition);
            }
        }

    }

}

从这个类上可以看到,当前配置类主要导入了BeanPostProcessorRegister,该类实现了ImportBeanDefinitionRegister接口,可以用来注册额外的BeanDefinition,同时,该类还导入了EmbeddedTomcat,EmbeddedJetty,EmbeddedUndertow三个类,可以根据用户的需求去选择使用哪一个web服务器,默认情况下使用的是tomcat

2、当自动装配功能完成之后会接着执行onRefresh的方法(ServletWebServerApplicationContext)

@Override
protected void onRefresh() {
    //创建主题对象,不用在意
    super.onRefresh();
    try {
        //开始创建web服务
        createWebServer();
    }
    catch (Throwable ex) {
        throw new ApplicationContextException("Unable to start web server", ex);
    }
}

3、创建web服务,默认获取的是tomcat的web容器(ServletWebServerApplicationContext)

private void createWebServer() {
    WebServer webServer = this.webServer;
    ServletContext servletContext = getServletContext();
    if (webServer == null && servletContext == null) {
        //获取servletWebServerFactory,从上下文注册bean中可以找到
        ServletWebServerFactory factory = getWebServerFactory();
        //获取servletContextInitializer,获取webServer
        this.webServer = factory.getWebServer(getSelfInitializer());
    }
    else if (servletContext != null) {
        try {
            getSelfInitializer().onStartup(servletContext);
        }
        catch (ServletException ex) {
            throw new ApplicationContextException("Cannot initialize servlet context", ex);
        }
    }
    //替换servlet相关的属性资源
    initPropertySources();
}

如何获取tomcat的bean的实例对象呢?从如下代码中可以看出

ServletWebServerApplicationContext

protected ServletWebServerFactory getWebServerFactory() {
        // Use bean names so that we don't consider the hierarchy
        String[] beanNames = getBeanFactory().getBeanNamesForType(ServletWebServerFactory.class);
        if (beanNames.length == 0) {
            throw new ApplicationContextException("Unable to start ServletWebServerApplicationContext due to missing "
                    + "ServletWebServerFactory bean.");
        }
        if (beanNames.length > 1) {
            throw new ApplicationContextException("Unable to start ServletWebServerApplicationContext due to multiple "
                    + "ServletWebServerFactory beans : " + StringUtils.arrayToCommaDelimitedString(beanNames));
        }
        return getBeanFactory().getBean(beanNames[0], ServletWebServerFactory.class);
    }
protected ServletWebServerFactory getWebServerFactory() {
        // Use bean names so that we don't consider the hierarchy
        String[] beanNames = getBeanFactory().getBeanNamesForType(ServletWebServerFactory.class);
        if (beanNames.length == 0) {
            throw new ApplicationContextException("Unable to start ServletWebServerApplicationContext due to missing "
                    + "ServletWebServerFactory bean.");
        }
        if (beanNames.length > 1) {
            throw new ApplicationContextException("Unable to start ServletWebServerApplicationContext due to multiple "
                    + "ServletWebServerFactory beans : " + StringUtils.arrayToCommaDelimitedString(beanNames));
        }
        return getBeanFactory().getBean(beanNames[0], ServletWebServerFactory.class);
    }

DefaultListableBeanFactoryf

/*
第一个参数type表示要查找的类型
第二个参数表示是否考虑非单例bean
第三个参数表示是否允许提早初始化
*/
@Override
    public String[] getBeanNamesForType(@Nullable Class<?> type, boolean includeNonSingletons, boolean allowEagerInit) {
        //配置还未被冻结或者类型为null或者不允许早期初始化
        if (!isConfigurationFrozen() || type == null || !allowEagerInit) {
            return doGetBeanNamesForType(ResolvableType.forRawClass(type), includeNonSingletons, allowEagerInit);
        }
        //此处注意isConfigurationFrozen为false的时候表示beanDefinition可能还会发生更改和添加,所以不能进行缓存,如果允许非单例bean,那么从保存所有bean的集合中获取,否则从单例bean中获取
        Map<Class<?>, String[]> cache =
                (includeNonSingletons ? this.allBeanNamesByType : this.singletonBeanNamesByType);
        String[] resolvedBeanNames = cache.get(type);
        if (resolvedBeanNames != null) {
            return resolvedBeanNames;
        }
        //如果缓存中没有获取到,那么只能重新获取,获取到之后就存入缓存
        resolvedBeanNames = doGetBeanNamesForType(ResolvableType.forRawClass(type), includeNonSingletons, true);
        if (ClassUtils.isCacheSafe(type, getBeanClassLoader())) {
            cache.put(type, resolvedBeanNames);
        }
        return resolvedBeanNames;
    }
private String[] doGetBeanNamesForType(ResolvableType type, boolean includeNonSingletons, boolean allowEagerInit) {
        List<String> result = new ArrayList<>();

        // Check all bean definitions.
        for (String beanName : this.beanDefinitionNames) {
            // Only consider bean as eligible if the bean name
            // is not defined as alias for some other bean.
            //如果时别名则跳过(当前集合会保存所有的主beanname,并且不会保存别名,别名由beanfactory中别名map维护)
            if (!isAlias(beanName)) {
                try {
                    //获取合并的beandefinition,合并的beandefinition是指spring整合了父beandefinition的属性,将其beandefinition编程了rootBeanDefinition
                    RootBeanDefinition mbd = getMergedLocalBeanDefinition(beanName);
                    // Only check bean definition if it is complete.
                    //抽象的beandefinition是不做考虑,抽象的就是拿来继承的,如果允许早期初始化,那么直接短路,进入方法体,如果不允许早期初始化,那么需要进一步判断,如果是不允许早期初始化的,并且beanClass已经被加载或者它是可以早期初始化的,那么如果当前bean是工厂bean,并且指定的bean又是工厂那么这个bean就必须被早期初始化,也就是说就不符合我们制定的allowEagerInit为false的情况,直接跳过

                    if (!mbd.isAbstract() && (allowEagerInit ||
                            (mbd.hasBeanClass() || !mbd.isLazyInit() || isAllowEagerClassLoading()) &&
                                    !requiresEagerInitForType(mbd.getFactoryBeanName()))) {
                        //如果当前bean是工厂bean
                        boolean isFactoryBean = isFactoryBean(beanName, mbd);
                        //如果允许早期初始化,那么基本上会调用最后的isTypeMatch方法,这个方法会导致工厂的实例化,但是当前不允许进行早期实例化在不允许早期实例化的情况下,如果当前bean是工厂bean,那么它只能在已经被创建的情况下调用isTypeMatch进行匹配判断否则只能宣告匹配失败,返回false
                        BeanDefinitionHolder dbd = mbd.getDecoratedDefinition();
                        boolean matchFound = false;
                        boolean allowFactoryBeanInit = allowEagerInit || containsSingleton(beanName);
                        boolean isNonLazyDecorated = dbd != null && !mbd.isLazyInit();
                        if (!isFactoryBean) {
                            if (includeNonSingletons || isSingleton(beanName, mbd, dbd)) {
                                matchFound = isTypeMatch(beanName, type, allowFactoryBeanInit);
                            }
                        }
                        else  {
                            //如果没有匹配到并且他是个工厂bean,那么加上&前缀,表示要获取factorybean类型的bean
                            if (includeNonSingletons || isNonLazyDecorated ||
                                    (allowFactoryBeanInit && isSingleton(beanName, mbd, dbd))) {
                                matchFound = isTypeMatch(beanName, type, allowFactoryBeanInit);
                            }
                            if (!matchFound) {
                                // In case of FactoryBean, try to match FactoryBean instance itself next.
                                beanName = FACTORY_BEAN_PREFIX + beanName;
                                matchFound = isTypeMatch(beanName, type, allowFactoryBeanInit);
                            }
                        }
                        //找到便记录到result集合中,等待返回
                        if (matchFound) {
                            result.add(beanName);
                        }
                    }
                }
                catch (CannotLoadBeanClassException | BeanDefinitionStoreException ex) {
                    if (allowEagerInit) {
                        throw ex;
                    }
                    // Probably a placeholder: let's ignore it for type matching purposes.
                    LogMessage message = (ex instanceof CannotLoadBeanClassException) ?
                            LogMessage.format("Ignoring bean class loading failure for bean '%s'", beanName) :
                            LogMessage.format("Ignoring unresolvable metadata in bean definition '%s'", beanName);
                    logger.trace(message, ex);
                    onSuppressedException(ex);
                }
            }
        }
// Check manually registered singletons too.
    //从单例注册集合中获取,这个单例集合石保存spring内部注入的单例对象,他们的特点就是没有beanDefinition
        for (String beanName : this.manualSingletonNames) {
            try {
                // In case of FactoryBean, match object created by FactoryBean.
                //如果是工厂bean,那么调用其getObjectType去匹配是否符合指定类型
                if (isFactoryBean(beanName)) {
                    if ((includeNonSingletons || isSingleton(beanName)) && isTypeMatch(beanName, type)) {
                        result.add(beanName);
                        // Match found for this bean: do not match FactoryBean itself anymore.
                        continue;
                    }
                    // In case of FactoryBean, try to match FactoryBean itself next.
                    beanName = FACTORY_BEAN_PREFIX + beanName;
                }
                // Match raw bean instance (might be raw FactoryBean).
                //如果没有匹配成功,那么匹配工厂类
                if (isTypeMatch(beanName, type)) {
                    result.add(beanName);
                }
            }
            catch (NoSuchBeanDefinitionException ex) {
                // Shouldn't happen - probably a result of circular reference resolution...
                logger.trace(LogMessage.format("Failed to check manually registered singleton with name '%s'", beanName), ex);
            }
        }

        return StringUtils.toStringArray(result);
    }

4、tomcat对象的初始化(ServletWebServerApplicationContext)

private org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.ServletContextInitializer getSelfInitializer() {
        return this::selfInitialize;
    }

private void selfInitialize(ServletContext servletContext) throws ServletException {
    //使用给定的完全加载的servletContext准备WebApplicationContext
    prepareWebApplicationContext(servletContext);
    registerApplicationScope(servletContext);
    //使用给定的BeanFactory注册特定于web的作用域bean(contextParameters,contextAttributes)
    WebApplicationContextUtils.registerEnvironmentBeans(getBeanFactory(), servletContext);
    for (ServletContextInitializer beans : getServletContextInitializerBeans()) {
        beans.onStartup(servletContext);
    }
}

5、完成内嵌tomcat的api调用(TomcatServletWebServerFactory)

@Override
public WebServer getWebServer(ServletContextInitializer... initializers) {
    if (this.disableMBeanRegistry) {
        Registry.disableRegistry();
    }
    //完成tomcat的api调用
    Tomcat tomcat = new Tomcat();
    File baseDir = (this.baseDirectory != null) ? this.baseDirectory : createTempDir("tomcat");
    tomcat.setBaseDir(baseDir.getAbsolutePath());
    Connector connector = new Connector(this.protocol);
    connector.setThrowOnFailure(true);
    tomcat.getService().addConnector(connector);
    customizeConnector(connector);
    tomcat.setConnector(connector);
    tomcat.getHost().setAutoDeploy(false);
    configureEngine(tomcat.getEngine());
    for (Connector additionalConnector : this.additionalTomcatConnectors) {
        tomcat.getService().addConnector(additionalConnector);
    }
    //准备tomcatEmbeddedContext并设置到tomcat中
    prepareContext(tomcat.getHost(), initializers);
    //构建tomcatWebServer
    return getTomcatWebServer(tomcat);
}

6、获取tomcat服务(TomcatServletWebServerFactory)

protected TomcatWebServer getTomcatWebServer(Tomcat tomcat) {
    return new TomcatWebServer(tomcat, getPort() >= 0);
}
public TomcatWebServer(Tomcat tomcat, boolean autoStart) {
    Assert.notNull(tomcat, "Tomcat Server must not be null");
    this.tomcat = tomcat;
    this.autoStart = autoStart;
    //初始化
    initialize();
}

7、完成tomcat的初始化

private void initialize() throws WebServerException {
        logger.info("Tomcat initialized with port(s): " + getPortsDescription(false));
        synchronized (this.monitor) {
            try {
                //engineName拼接instanceId
                addInstanceIdToEngineName();

                Context context = findContext();
                context.addLifecycleListener((event) -> {
                    if (context.equals(event.getSource()) && Lifecycle.START_EVENT.equals(event.getType())) {
                        // Remove service connectors so that protocol binding doesn't
                        // happen when the service is started.
                        //删除Connectors,以便再启动服务时不发生协议绑定
                        removeServiceConnectors();
                    }
                });

                // Start the server to trigger initialization listeners
                //启动服务触发初始化监听器
                this.tomcat.start();

                // We can re-throw failure exception directly in the main thread
                //在主线程中重新抛出失败异常
                rethrowDeferredStartupExceptions();

                try {
                    ContextBindings.bindClassLoader(context, context.getNamingToken(), getClass().getClassLoader());
                }
                catch (NamingException ex) {
                    // Naming is not enabled. Continue
                }

                // Unlike Jetty, all Tomcat threads are daemon threads. We create a
                // blocking non-daemon to stop immediate shutdown
                //所有的tomcat线程都是守护线程,我们创建一个阻塞非守护线程来避免立即关闭
                startDaemonAwaitThread();
            }
            catch (Exception ex) {
                //异常停止tomcat
                stopSilently();
                destroySilently();
                throw new WebServerException("Unable to start embedded Tomcat", ex);
            }
        }
    }
-----------------------
        private void removeServiceConnectors() {
        for (Service service : this.tomcat.getServer().findServices()) {
            Connector[] connectors = service.findConnectors().clone();
            //将将要移除的conntector放到缓存中暂存
            this.serviceConnectors.put(service, connectors);
            for (Connector connector : connectors) {
                //移除connector
                service.removeConnector(connector);
            }
        }
    }

8、除了refresh方法之外,在finishRefresh()方法中也对tomcat做了相关的处理(ServletWebServerApplicationContext)

    protected void finishRefresh() {
        //调用父类的finishRefresh方法
        super.finishRefresh();
        //启动webServer
        WebServer webServer = startWebServer();
        if (webServer != null) {
            //发布webServer初始化完成事件
            publishEvent(new ServletWebServerInitializedEvent(webServer, this));
        }
    }
ServletWebServerApplicationContext
    private WebServer startWebServer() {
        WebServer webServer = this.webServer;
        if (webServer != null) {
            //启动webserver
            webServer.start();
        }
        return webServer;
    }

TomcatWebServer

    public void start() throws WebServerException {
        synchronized (this.monitor) {
            if (this.started) {
                return;
            }
            try {
                //添加之前移除的connector
                addPreviouslyRemovedConnectors();
                Connector connector = this.tomcat.getConnector();
                if (connector != null && this.autoStart) {
                    //延迟加载启动
                    performDeferredLoadOnStartup();
                }
                //检查connector启动状态是否为失败,失败抛出异常
                checkThatConnectorsHaveStarted();
                this.started = true;
                logger.info("Tomcat started on port(s): " + getPortsDescription(true) + " with context path '"
                        + getContextPath() + "'");
            }
            catch (ConnectorStartFailedException ex) {
                //异常停止tomcat
                stopSilently();
                throw ex;
            }
            catch (Exception ex) {
                if (findBindException(ex) != null) {
                    throw new PortInUseException(this.tomcat.getConnector().getPort());
                }
                throw new WebServerException("Unable to start embedded Tomcat server", ex);
            }
            finally {
                Context context = findContext();
                //context解绑classload
                ContextBindings.unbindClassLoader(context, context.getNamingToken(), getClass().getClassLoader());
            }
        }
    }
private void addPreviouslyRemovedConnectors() {
        Service[] services = this.tomcat.getServer().findServices();
        for (Service service : services) {
            //从上面移除connector添加的缓存中取出connector
            Connector[] connectors = this.serviceConnectors.get(service);
            if (connectors != null) {
                for (Connector connector : connectors) {
                    //添加到tomcat service中
                    service.addConnector(connector);
                    if (!this.autoStart) {
                        //如果不是自动启动,则暂停connector
                        stopProtocolHandler(connector);
                    }
                }
                //添加完成后移除
                this.serviceConnectors.remove(service);
            }
        }
    }
private void performDeferredLoadOnStartup() {
        try {
            for (Container child : this.tomcat.getHost().findChildren()) {
                if (child instanceof TomcatEmbeddedContext) {
                    //延迟加载启动
                    ((TomcatEmbeddedContext) child).deferredLoadOnStartup();
                }
            }
        }
        catch (Exception ex) {
            if (ex instanceof WebServerException) {
                throw (WebServerException) ex;
            }
            throw new WebServerException("Unable to start embedded Tomcat connectors", ex);
        }
    }
    void deferredLoadOnStartup() throws LifecycleException {
        doWithThreadContextClassLoader(getLoader().getClassLoader(),
                () -> getLoadOnStartupWrappers(findChildren()).forEach(this::load));
    }

9、应用上下文关闭时会调用tomcat的关闭

在refreshContext中注册一个关闭的钩子函数,而钩子函数可以完成关闭的功能

ServletWebServerApplicationContext

    @Override
    protected void onClose() {
        super.onClose();
        stopAndReleaseWebServer();
    }
    private void stopAndReleaseWebServer() {
        WebServer webServer = this.webServer;
        if (webServer != null) {
            try {
                webServer.stop();
                this.webServer = null;
            }
            catch (Exception ex) {
                throw new IllegalStateException(ex);
            }
        }
    }

TomcatWebServer

@Override
    public void stop() throws WebServerException {
        synchronized (this.monitor) {
            boolean wasStarted = this.started;
            try {
                this.started = false;
                try {
                    stopTomcat();
                    this.tomcat.destroy();
                }
                catch (LifecycleException ex) {
                    // swallow and continue
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex) {
                throw new WebServerException("Unable to stop embedded Tomcat", ex);
            }
            finally {
                if (wasStarted) {
                    containerCounter.decrementAndGet();
                }
            }
        }
    }
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